Cardiovascular surgery includes any and all procedures performed on the heart or the great blood vessels. It can be performed to correct congenital defects, to treat coronary artery disease, aortic problems, or even to replace a failed or failing heart.
Historically speaking, it wasn’t that long ago that a single heart attack was almost surely a death sentence to any patient. Today, though, there are more and more techniques being practiced, and in development, to repair your heart and its surrounding great vessels. Some of the best minds and hands on Earth belong to the surgeons we work with in various locations around the world. They perform a variety of procedures, including coronary artery bypasses (CABG), heart implants, aortic surgeries, and congenital defect repairs.
Excess cholesterol in your diet can lead to a buildup of plaque on the arteries feeding your heart. Coronary artery disease (CAD) develops as that plaque builds up, hardening artery walls and narrowing the path for blood to flow to the heart. During CABG surgery, a new path is created for blood to flow to the heart.
If your heart is not functioning due to an arrhythmia or tachycardia, a surgeon can implant a pacemaker to govern and regulate your heartbeat through electric signals and stimulation. In some cases, when the aortic valve isn’t functioning, a replacement may be implanted. In dire cases, a heart transplant can be performed.
Aortic valve surgery is performed to fix the problems inherent in a malfunctioning aortic valve. The aortic valve opens and shuts, allowing blood to flow into the aorta as the heart beats. When it doesn’t close properly, blood can flow backward into the heart. If it doesn’t fully open, it will restrict blood flow. Aortic surgery covers these and other problems associated with the aorta.
Repairs of congenital defects in the cardiovascular system include a long list of problems that arise out of no fault of your own. These include aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and atrial septal defect (ASD), among many others. These defects can respectively allow blood to flow back into the heart (AVS), or allow it to leak from one chamber of the heart to the other (ASD). The surgeons we partner with can treat these and many other congenital heart defects.