If you were to ask practically anyone which sense they’d least like to be without, they’d probably answer “eyesight.” As we age, almost all of us will experience vision loss to one degree or another. Fortunately, there are numerous treatments for failing and faulty eyesight.
Lasik is the most common type of eye surgery. It’s very precise, and can correct a number of defects in eyesight. It’s a procedure that corrects astigmatism, nearsightedness or farsightedness by means of a laser. It is an outpatient procedure that typically takes under five minutes, and you can resume your normal activities immediately after the surgery.
Cataract surgery involves removing the eye’s natural lens when it has become impaired due to opacification. That is simply a clouding over the lens of the eye, and as you might expect, it will interfere with your vision. If you find that you can’t see well at night, or that ordinary light causes a strong glare, you may be a candidate for cataract surgery. With this procedure, your cloudy natural lens is taken away, and then a synthetic lens is installed in order to restore transparency.
If you’ve experienced blurred vision while reading, working at your computer, sewing, or doing other close work, you may have presbyopia. Perhaps you’ve noticed that you have to hold a book or a newspaper further away in order to read it. Presbyopia typically occurs around the age of 40, and it’s practically inescapable. It’s caused by a stiffening in the lens of the eye. Sometimes it can be corrected by using eyeglasses. Commonly, bifocal or trifocal lenses can improve your vision if you suffer from presbyopia. Occasionally the condition requires surgery.
Glaucoma is pressure in the eyeball that can cause loss of vision. Mild cases can be treated with medications or eye drops, but more severe cases may require surgery. Glaucoma, when caught early, can be managed and loss of eyesight can be avoided. It is, however, very common in aging patients. When it is diagnosed early, proper management of glaucoma depends on taking medications as directed. Some medications have side effects, so it is very important for the patient and the ophthalmologist to work together. Some medications can interact with other pharmaceuticals that may also be used to offset the effects of aging, so you should always ask your doctor or ophthalmologist for advice on interactions.